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Wednesday, June 29, 2016

Jamun (Syzygium Cumini or Black Plum): Health Benifits

Medicinal Properties of Java Plum

Syzygium Cumini or Black Plum is also known as Java-Plum, jambul, jambolan, jamblang or jamun. Jamun or Black plum is an important summer fruit, associated with many health and medicinal benefits. The black plum is known to relieve stomach pain, carminative, anti-scorbutic and diuretic. Jamun vinegar is good to reduce enlargement of spleen, diarrhea, and who has urine retention problems.
Jamum’s ployphenolic compounds are effective against cancer, heart diseases, diabetes, asthma and arthritis. Various digestive disorders i.e. flatulence, bowel spasm, stomach disorders, dysentery are cured by jamun. It is also eaten as tonic to increase sexual activity. Jamun is known by different names such as jambul, jambas, jamun, jambolan, rajaman, kala jamun, neredu, naval, nerale, jamali, java plum, black plum and black berry.
Health Benefits of Jamun/Jambul
1.                Jamun is known to be an effective treatment for diabetes. Extracts of bark, leaves and seeds are used in combination with herbs to reduce levels of glycosuria and blood sugar. Powder of dried seeds is consumed with honey over a course of 2 months for beneficial changes in sugar levels. Research indicates Jamun seeds which are rich in alkaloids have hypoglycemic properties effective in reducing high blood sugar. Jamun juice should be included in a diabetic’s nutritional diet.
2.                Bark of Jamun tree has antihelmintic properties, which help in treating urinary disorders. A glass of Jambul juice with 1/2 teaspoon of bark powder daily is recommended for persons with urinary infections and urinary tract disorders.
3.                Bark powder mixed with water is effective in curing tapeworm infection.
4.                Consumption of Jamun minimizes the risk of cancer. This fruit has several bioactive phytochemicals that include polyphenols, which contain anthocyanin known to fight cancer cells. Individuals that undergo chemotherapy or radiation sessions benefit significantly from jamun juice consumption. Anthocyanins, flavonoids, ellagic acid and gallic acid present in jambul have the capacity to prevent carcinogenesis in organs.
5.                Jamun juice is excellent for natural bowel movement.
6.                Jamun has medicinal properties. Juice of this fruit is a natural astringent used as a mouthwash as it eliminates bad breath. Pulp of jambul is used as a treatment for gingivitis (bleeding gums). In some Asian cultures leaves of jamun tree are burnt to form an ash. This ash is rubbed on teeth to strengthen them.
7.                Leaves and bark of jamun are used in combination with other ingredients by Ayurveda and Unani practitioners for various treatments such as diarrhea and indigestion. Traditional healers in Asia use seed, leaf and bark powder of Jambul tree is several herbal formulations.
8.                Jamun seed powder and turmeric is mixed with jamun juice and applied on skin to get rid of blemishes and light scars.
9.                Jambul juice with powder of its leaves is an excellent treatment for ulcerative colitis.
10.           Regular consumption of jambul for 2 to 4 months helps individuals with problems of bleeding hemorrhoids significantly.
11.           Jamun is known to enrich blood and also protect from liver damage. Many herbalists recommend juice of this fruit with herbs because it has antioxidants and flavonoids that play a huge role in purification of blood. Natural acids present in this fruit play a pivotal role in digestive enzyme secretion. Regular intake of jambul stimulates healthy liver function.
12.           Decoction of jamun seeds that contains aromatic herbs is an excellent home remedy to relieve fatigue and strain.
13.           Wine and vinegar made from jamun is used as a cure for sore throat, whooping cough, cuts, bruises, and open wounds.
14.           Seed powder is used as a cure for digestive disorders, an excellent home remedy for bloating. Powder of seeds in jamun juice is excellent for individuals with a suppressed immune system.
15.           Fruit pulp of jambul is used as a home remedy for asthma and chronic cough.
Nutritional value of Jamun
Jamun is a rich source of nutrition. 3-4 calories are present in a medium sized jambul. As the calorie content is low, this makes an ideal fruit snack for individuals that want to maintain weight or are on a weight loss diet. Loaded with vitamins and minerals, this fruit is an essential of several diet plans recommended by nutritionists and dieticians. Nutritional value of Jamun is given below.
Java-plum or Jambolan (Raw)

Carbohydrate Factor: 3.6 Fat Factor: 8.37 Protein Factor: 3.36 Nitrogen to Protein Conversion Factor: 6.25


Refuse: 19% Refuse Description: Seed

Nutrient (Proximates)
Unit
per 100 g

Water
g
83.13

Energy
kcal
60

Protein
g
0.72

Total lipid (fat)
g
0.23

Ash
g
0.36

Carbohydrate, by difference
g
15.56

Minerals

Calcium, Ca
mg
19

Iron, Fe
mg
0.19

Magnesium, Mg
mg
15

Phosphorus, P
mg
17

Potassium, K
mg
79

Sodium, Na
mg
14

Vitamins

Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid
mg
14.3

Thiamin
mg
0.006

Riboflavin
mg
0.012

Niacin
mg
0.26

Vitamin B-6
mg
0.038

Vitamin B-12
µg
0

Vitamin A, RAE
µg
0

Retinol
µg
0

Vitamin A, IU
IU
3

Lipids

Fatty acids, total trans
g
0

Cholesterol
mg
0

Amino Acids
-
-

Other
-
-