Monday, October 7, 2013

Quinoa

Quinoa
It is a pseudo cereal rather than a true cereal, or grain, as it is not a member of the true grass family. As a chenopod, quinoa is closely related to species such as beetroots, spinach and tumbleweeds.

The popularity of quinoa in non-indigenous regions has raised concerns over food security. Due to continued widespread poverty in regions where quinoa is produced, and because few other crops are compatible with the soil and climate in these regions, it is suggested that the inflated price of quinoa disrupts local access to food supplies.




 

International Year of Quinoa

The United Nations General Assembly declared 2013 as the "International Year of Quinoa" in recognition of ancestral practices of the Andean people, who have preserved quinoa as food for present and future generations, through knowledge and practices of living in harmony with nature. The objective is to draw the world’s attention to the role that quinoa plays in providing food security, nutrition and poverty eradication, in support of achieving Millennium Development Goals.

Quinoa was important to the diet of pre-Columbian Andean civilizations. Today, people appreciate quinoa for its nutritional value. Quinoa has been called a superfood. Protein content is very high for a cereal/pseudo-cereal (14% by mass), yet not as high as most beans and legumes. Quinoa's protein content per 100 calories is higher than brown rice, potatoes, barley and millet, but is less than wild rice and oats. Nutritional evaluations of quinoa indicate that it is a source of complete protein. Furthermore, it is a good source of dietary fiber and phosphorus and is high in magnesium and iron. Quinoa is also a source of calcium, and thus is useful for vegans and those who are lactose intolerant. Quinoa is gluten-free and considered easy to digest. Because of all these characteristics, quinoa is being considered a possible crop in NASA's Controlled Ecological Life Support System for long-duration human occupied spaceflights.

Nutritional value
Quinoa, uncooked
Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Energy
1,539 kJ (368 kcal)
Carbohydrates
64 g
- Starch
52 g
- Dietary fibre
7 g
Fat
6 g
- polyunsaturated
3.3 g
Protein
14 g
- Tryptophan
0.167 g
- Threonine
0.421 g
- Isoleucine
0.504 g
- Leucine
0.840 g
- Lysine
0.766 g
- Methionine
0.309 g
- Cystine
0.203 g
- Phenylalanine
0.593 g
- Tyrosine
0.267 g
- Valine
0.594 g
- Arginine
1.091 g
- Histidine
0.407 g
- Alanine
0.588 g
- Aspartic acid
1.134 g
- Glutamic acid
1.865 g
- Glycine
0.694 g
- Proline
0.773 g
- Serine
0.567 g
Water
13 g
Thiamine (vit. B1)
0.36 mg (31%)
Riboflavin (vit. B2)
0.32 mg (27%)
Vitamin B6
0.5 mg (38%)
Folate (vit. B9)
184 μg (46%)
Calcium
36 mg (4%)
Iron
4.6 mg (35%)
Magnesium
197 mg (55%)
Phosphorus
457 mg (65%)
Potassium
563 mg (12%)
Zinc
3.1 mg (33%)
Source: USDA Nutrient Database

 

Monday, January 7, 2013

Triphala Churna (त्रिफला चूर्ण)

Triphala Powder (त्रिफला चूर्ण)
Triphala is an Ayurvedic rasayana churna consisting of equal parts of Amalaki (Phyllanthus emblica, आँवला), Bibhitaki (Terminalia bellirica, बहेड़ा), and Haritaki (Terminalia chebula, हर्र, हरड़).





Amalaki (Phyllanthus emblica, आँवला)






Bibhitaki (Terminalia bellirica, बहेड़ा)





Haritaki (Terminalia chebula, हर्र, हरड़)






Triphala is known as a cleaning agent, including a blood cleanser. The herb also has a high nutritional value, including high levels of vitamin C. Because of its high vitamin content, Triphala is often used as a food supplement like vitamins. It is also found to have high antioxidant qualities, and is even useful for treatment against noise and stress induced conditions.
Triphala Powder can be used for several diseases and health benefits. Triphala Powder is very useful in Discharge, inflammation, constipation, urticaria, malaria, blood disorders, Virydosh, phlegm, bile and leprosy (प्रमेह, शोथ, कब्ज, शीतपित्त, विषमज्वर, रक्त विकार, वीर्यदोष, कफ़, पित्त और कुष्ठरोग). घी, शहद के साथ खाने से सेन्द्रिय विषप्रकोप और पित्तविकार जनित नेत्र रोग दूर होते हैं.
“THE ONE WHO EAT TRIPHALA WITH HONEY AND GHEE DAILY, LIVES HEALTHY 100 YEARS.” By- Charak (चरक)